A motte and bailey castle, often spelled as motte-and-bailey, is an early type of castle. A brilliant model of a Motte and Bailey. Where time and money allowed, These stone buildings offered much greater protection and defensive capability — albeit it at significant cost and effort. The simple design of Motte and Bailey castles was the key to their success. This part illustrates soldiers attacking the Motte of Chateau de Dinan in France, and setting fire to it — taking advantage of combustible timber.
These would include stables, storehouses, bakeries, kitchens, houses and soldiers quarters. Jonathan suggests building these with your kids on long winter days when they are unable to play outside. Imagine this using a large appliance box - open in the back. Each of the main faces of the castle has a flat buttress running up the centre of the wall for extra strength. In each castle, they would install a noble who was sympathetic to William the Conqueror- and would then proceed forwards to capture new territories. The size of the keep also varied from castle to castle.
The remains of Pleshey Castle, a Motte and Bailey castle in Essex, England. Then using a gentle stabbing motion applying the paint all over the road areas repeating until the whole area is covered with small dots of paint. Fundamentally, the design of each castle adapted to its natural surroundings. At the centre of the keep are large halls. It had previously been the location of a Norman motte and bailey castle and before that a Roman fort stood nearby.
It is surrounded by a protective ditch and a fence called a palisade and was the first type of castle to be built in England after the in 1066. Of course, no two Motte and Baileys were exactly the same — although they all had those three elements in common. The bailey varied in size from one to three acres and was often shaped like a kidney — although the shape was sometimes dictated by the land. Both templates are available here. Download all 3 parts and extract just the first part. You can still clearly see the Motte, though. This is why you can still see so many Motte and Bailey mounds scattered around England and Wales! This model is based on what the French archeologist studies back in 1920-1930.
Many castles were built on the remnants of old Motte and Bailey sites. Motte and Bailey castles were an attractive design for many reasons. Finally paint the edge of the model with a neutral colour such as grey. This worksheet can be edited by Premium members using the free Google Slides online software. Both buildings are fictional creations, however each is designed to an approximate scale.
It was designed so that any point on its circumference outer edge would be within bowshot of the tower. These castles had significant advantages for an army seeking to seize control of a foreign country, as this table explains. They were particularly used in northern Europe and could be found in Normandy and Britain England, Wales and Scotland , but also seen in , , , Anjou, Ireland and the Netherlands. Castle because some elements are quite complicated to assemble. See below for more motte-and-bailey castle facts and information or download the comprehensive worksheet pack which can be utilised within the classroom or home environment. Why Were Motte and Baileys built? The bailey is an enclosed courtyard that was protected by a ditch and a palisade — which is a wall made from wooden stakes.
This is done by using a stiff brush with a flat end dipping the end of the brush in the paint and removing excess paint on a piece of paper until only a small amount of paint comes off the brush. Although many were rebuilt in the following century there are many good examples still remaining. Usually it would be in Czech or Russian. Despite being a little rough and ready, they still had excellent defensive capabilities. They can be found primarily in Northern France, England, Wales and Scotland — but the influence of these designs spread too to Denmark, Germany, Belgium, and other spots in Northern Europe. In addition, many of the most impressive castles which remain to today were originally built on Motte and Bailey foundations. Click the Edit button above to get started.
This meant that they were very cheap to make. A diagram of a motte-and-bailey castle at Olivet a Grimbosq. The palisade is a strong wooden fence and was also used to surround buildings. A primary historical source, showing the Bayeux Tapestry. Other examples include Portchester, Guilford, Goodrich, Norwich, Castle Rising, Hedingham and Colchester.
Worthy of World Heritage status no less. This word was probably altered over the years and its meaning changed so now the word dungeon means a small room used as a prison. What Is a Motte and Bailey Castle? As a marker of their success, upwards of 1,000 Motte and Bailey castles were built in England, then Wales, and then Scotland. Motte and Bailey Castle Diagram Below is a diagram of a motte and bailey castle which shows the key features of the castle. A keep was also known as a donjon, a French word. A massive square tower with a square turret at each of the corners that project slightly.